Breathing Techniques For Meditation

Practicing breathing techniques is a great way to start implementing an informal meditation routine. As a beginner it can be a simple and quick exercise to practice and will set the tone for all your other mindfulness activities.  All you need is 5-10 minutes to start.

Mindfulness in essence is the practice of being present in the moment. It is a great tool for dealing with difficult experiences and it can help you become aware of what you are thinking and feeling at any given time. One of the attitudes of mindfulness point out the importance of being an impartial witness to yourself.

Often we approach our lives from a biased and subjective point of view. Our thoughts, emotions and behavior are all reflections of our future fears, past and current state of mind. Practicing mindfulness teaches us to become objective, by separating ourselves from our experiences. Ultimately, giving us the opportunity to work through our feelings and emotions instead of being overwhelmed by them.

Meditation And Breathing

Meditation is a technique we use as a means to bring ourselves to the present moment. Through your breath you quiet the mind and develop self-awareness, which leads to great insight. This then strengthens our ability to concentrate, awakens empathy and reveals our true nature.

Meditation And Breathing

The Many Different Types Of Meditation

Meditation in essence offers us a space for reflection and relaxation. It also improves our overall physical health and emotional well-being. There is no “right or wrong” way to do it. There are however, many different types of meditation you can explore to figure out what works best for you.

Transcendental Meditation(TM)

During this type of meditation you assign yourself a mantra or a small phrase that must be repeated in a specific way. TM is usually practiced 20 minutes a day, twice a day to reach a state of relaxation and inner peace. TM is different to other forms of meditation because it discourages concentration.

Guided Meditation

Guided meditation is similar to visualization or guided imagery practice. During the meditation you form mental pictures and scenarios you or the guide find calming. There is a lot of focus on using your senses to create a state of stillness and relaxation.

Vipassana Meditation

Vipassana meditation highlights self-observation, where you focus on the deep interaction between the body and the mind. Through disciplined attention you observe physical sensations that arise throughout your body. Ultimately, training your mind not to wander but using concentration as a means to increase self-awareness.

Mindful Meditation

Mindful meditation is similar to Vipassana in that we focus on the self. Through breathing exercises we are able to bring ourselves into the present moment. The difference is that we become curious to our thought patterns. When thoughts arise, we gently observe them and let them go without judgement. It teaches us to take a step back from our feelings and emotions, to pause and reflect rather than react.

When I started my mindfulness journey I struggled to focus on the present moment and to detach from my experiences. Breathing meditation exercises were my life-line. My breath became my anchor. I still use it as a point of reference whenever uncomfortable emotions and experiences pop up in my mind or when I got distracted from the here and now.

Conscious Breathing

Breathing is something we do naturally all day everyday, but it is the only autonomous bodily function that we can consciously control. Unlike our other automatic body functions like our heart rate or controlling our digestive system we can control our breath and make it go faster or slower.

Think back to a time you felt stressed, one of the first things you will remember noticing is how shallow your breathing became and how your chest tightened. This restricted the amount of oxygen your body received and actually increased your feelings of anxiety and stress.

There is a scientific reason why people tell you to take a deep breath when you are feeling out of control. Deep conscious breathing decreases your heart rate and increases blood flow making you feel more relaxed and mellow.

Mindful Breathing Benefits

Research has shown that breathing meditation exercises have both physical and mental benefits. When we practice meditation and breathing we can reduce our heart rate, lower stress and notice changed brain wave patterns.

Here Are Some More Mindful Breathing Benefits

  • People report an increase in their emotional well-being, memory and attention.
  • Studies also report that it can decrease symptoms of depression, anxiety and certain pain disorders.
  • Breathing is the body’s way of detoxing
  • Breathing relaxes us and brings clarity to the mind
  • When we breathe properly we feel energized
  • Breathing reduces pain and inflammation
  • Breathing improves your digestion
  • Strengthens the lungs
The Meditating Brain

How Do You Breathe During Meditation?

Breathing meditation exercises can be practiced while standing, sitting or lying down. For now just make sure you are comfortable. You can keep your eyes open or closed. Personally, I find closing my eyes helps me to focus better. If this is the first time you are practicing a breathing exercise, you will notice that thoughts will pop in and out of your head.

This is completely normal, and it may happen many times. All you need to do is acknowledge that the thought has come into your awareness. Then gently and with a little self-compassion, bring your focus back onto your breath. With continued practice this will eventually stop and your breathing will come naturally.

Try these meditation breathing techniques to start your morning or as breathing exercises for better sleep. I personally use these techniques when life feels a little overwhelming. I find them very useful when I need to center myself before I make silly choices or say stupid things. Its your call really – there are so many uses:

4 Breathing Meditation Exercises

Below are 4 breathing exercises I try to do on a regular basis. Personally, I have found the mindfulness breathing techniques easier to practice, but choose the ones that work for you.

Abdominal Breathing

Sometimes called belly breathing or diaphragmatic breathing. This exercise helps to strengthen the diaphragm and is the basis for almost all meditation techniques.

Abdominal Breathing Script

  • Sit in a comfortable position or lie flat on the floor or on your bed
  • Relax your shoulders, and put one hand on your chest and your other hand on your stomach
  • Slowly breathe in through your nose for a count of 3 making sure you fill your belly with air. You are breathing correctly when you notice your stomach move outward while your chest remains still.
  • With your lips pursed, gently press on your stomach and exhale slowly out your mouth for a count of 3
  • Repeat this several times

Please note that it can take a few practice rounds before you feel comfortable.

Mindful breathing script 1

  • Assume a comfortable position.
  • Allow your eyes to close, if that is what makes you comfortable.
  • Just breathe normally for now.
  • Slowly let your attention gravitate toward your body.
  • Feel your belly and diaphragm rise with each inhale, and feel it fall with each exhale.
  • As best you can, maintain focus on the sensations you feel when breathing. Create a comfortable rhythm with each inhale and exhale.
  • If you notice your mind wandering, gently bring your attention back to your breath.
  • Practice this exercise for 5-10 minutes a day, make a habit out of it. Get used to spending time with nothing else but your breath.

Mindful breathing script 2

  • You can do this exercise at anytime. At any point in the day observe your breathing. Notice your belly go through the rise and fall of your inhale and exhale.
  • Notice your thoughts and emotions in this moment. Observe them with kind curiosity. Don’t judge them.
  • At the same time become aware of any changes to your thoughts and emotions. Are you seeing things and feeling things differently?
  • Ask yourself if you are getting caught up in your thoughts and emotions or if your just being content with them?
Abdominal Breathing

The 4-7-8 Breathing Technique

What is the 4-7-8 breathing technique?

This technique is based on Pranayama, which is an ancient Indian practice. It is also called the “relaxing breath” and is a great breathing exercise to encourage better sleep.

The 4-7-8 Breathing Meditation Script

  • It is recommended that you sit with a straight back
  • Begin by resting the tip of your tongue at the back of your teeth
  • Exhale completely out your mouth, deliberately making a whooosh sound
  • Close your mouth and slowly inhale through your nose for a count of 4
  • Hold your breath for a count of 7
  • Exhale completely through your mouth while making a whooosh sound to a count of 8
  • Repeat 3 more times so that you have done it a total of 4 times

Breathing meditation exercises are the first step on your mindfulness meditation adventure. In the early stages of these exercises, thoughts will constantly pull your attention away from the task at hand. Keep bringing your focus back to your breathing – no matter what. If this is all you find yourself doing the first few times, that’s great. The more compassionate we are to ourselves the easier it will be to adopt an accepting mindset toward yourself, your thoughts and emotions. You will learn to let your experiences be, just as they are. Good or bad.